An Overview of Common Electrical Components Used in PCB Assemblies

An Overview of Common Electrical Components Used in PCB Assemblies

Oct 12,2015

Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) arecomposed of a wide range of electrical elements. The most decisiveelements that are utilized in PCB assemblies are resistors, capacitors,diodes, and transistors. This blog is meant to familiarize you withthese critical elements that contribute largely in the successfulassembling of PCBs.

An Overview of the Four Vital PCB Components

Let us understand the role of resistors, capacitors, diodes, and transistors in a PCB.

  • Resistors: These elements play a crucial role inregulating the current flow to a safe limit. Resistors perform a vital task of providing only the required biasing for the successfulfunctioning of other elements like Integrated Circuits (ICs), andtransistors. Several types of resistors are available to handledifferent amounts of electrical power.
  • Capacitors: The role of capacitors in a PCB is to store energy as an electrostaticfield for a long period of time. Capacitors are made of two conducting plates, separated by an insulating material. They are available inseveral models to handle different amounts of electrical pressure orvoltage.
  • Diodes These components are responsible for transmitting current in one direction, whilst blocking current flow in the opposite direction. Thereare several types of diodes available that differ in structure, methodof operation, and type of installation. The most commonly used types ofdiodes are:
    • Backward diode
    • Gunn diode
    • diode
    • Light emitting diode
    • PIN diode
    • PN Junction diode
  • Transistors : A transistor, which is a threeterminal device, performs the crucial task of switching or amplifying electronic signals. Choosing the right transistor is of paramount importance as it determines the efficient functioning of the entire assembly. Generally, manufactures considers the application area, and total power dissipation, among many others, when choosing transistors to integrate in the PCBs.

Selection of these components demands close attention to details. Choosing the right type according to the design, application, and intended service period of the PCB holds great significance. An informed selection of these elements determines the durability, and efficient functioning of the final assembly.  

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